Traces of World’s oldest human civilization

The oldest items here are stone blades from Kashafrood, discovered during an archaeological survey carried out in 1974-5 in Khorasan, on the banks of Kashafrood River. Various opinions have been expressed on the age of these artifacts. Claude Thibault attributes them an age of 800,000 to 1 million years, while others make them date back to between 600,000 and 700,000 years ago. According to Thibault, this is the earliest period in which man is known to have appeared on the Iranian Plateau.

Another category of these stone instruments was discovered in the Masileh area, 50 kilometers south of Varamin, by Dr. Sadeq Malek Shahmirzadi. These items date back to between 45,000 and 60,000 years ago.

Amid the highly varied objects from Khuzestan, one may point out the bull statue from the temple of Chogha Zanbil. This 106 centimeter high and 108 centimeter long glazed terracotta statue was installed at the temple’s gate, as its guardian.

Archaeologists toasted the recent discovery that wine existed 2,000 years earlier than thought. A jar excavated in 1968 from a Neolithic village site in Iran contained residue of 7,000-year-old wine. The team found calcium salt from tartaric acid, which occurs naturally in grapes. Traces of a preservative substance were found also, indicating that the wine was deliberately made and didn’t result from the fermentation of grape juice.

Another site in Western Iran provided the earliest known chemical evidence of beer in the world. In the grooves of an ancient jug, chemists discovered yellowish residue later found to be a chemical component of fermented barley.

In year 2001 archaeologists found the World’s oldest human civilization called Jiroft which is equal or even older than Sumer civilization.

The name “Jiroft” has recently become known in archaeological circles, after Iran’s Cultural Organization announced the discovery of remains from an ancient city buried near the current city of Jiroft, leading to theories proposing the remains belong to a forgotten culture known as the Jiroft civilization.

By the new discoveries in Jiroft, it is proved that Jiroft citizens were the first people who created writing, not Sumerians.


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